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Black History Month: Author Series: Before Busing: A History of Boston’s Long Black Freedom Struggle In-Person

This event will be in-person and available via Zoom.

Countway is excited to have author Zebulon Miletsky discuss his book, Before Busing: A History of Boston’s Long Black Freedom Struggle.

Light refreshments 

Books available for purchase and to have signed

Before Busing: A History of Boston’s Long Black Freedom Struggle by Zebulon Vance Miletsky tells the story of the men and women who struggled and demonstrated to make school desegregation a reality in Boston. It reveals the legal efforts and battles over tactics that played out locally and influenced the national Black freedom struggle. And the book gives credit to the Black organizers, parents, and children who fought long and hard battles for justice that have been left out of the standard narratives of the civil rights movement. What emerges is a clear picture of the long and hard-fought campaigns to break the back of Jim Crow education in the North and make Boston into a better, more democratic city—a fight that continues to this day.Date:Tuesday, February 7, 2023Time:6:00pm – 7:15pmTime Zone:Eastern Time – US & Canada (change)Location:Countway LibraryCampus Location:Harvard Longwood CampusCategories:  Events

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Profile photo of Meredith Solomon

Meredith Solomon

Reverend Vernon E. Carter holding vigil outside Boston School Committee headquarters, May 17, 1965 (Boston Public Library) Zebulon Miletsky’s impressive boo …
— Read on

Your Fourth of July

Posted: July 4, 2022 in Uncategorized
Frederick Douglass

Thus spoke ‘the noblest slave that ever God set free,’ Frederick Douglass in 1852, in his 4th of July oration at Rochester, voicing the frank and fearless criticism of the black worker.

— W.E.B. Du Bois “Black reconstruction in America: an essay toward a history of the part which black folk played in the attempt to reconstruct democracy in America, 1860-1880”

Someone asked me recently, “Do African Americans still celebrate July 4th?” As we approach July 4th, my thoughts drift back to Juneteenth. This is a time, separate and apart from July 4th to focus and celebrate on the bitter part of the American experience, which cannot be forgotten about—namely slavery. It doesn’t mean that they are mutually exclusive or that one negates the other, but they both must be recognized and observed. The answer is of course “yes.” It must be “yes” I told them, no one has loved this country more than Black folks. They not only love it, but they also died for it. They shed blood for it, and not only did they make that ultimate sacrifice that denotes true citizenship—being willing to die for one’s country—but they helped in that great project of democracy by helping it to live up to its own stated principles—that all “men” are created equal. It was this conundrum that Frederick Douglass–whom W.E.B. Du Bois called “the noblest slave that ever God set free,” in his 4th of July oration given in Rochester, N.Y.–was trying to solve when he asked (in a speech intentionally given on July 5th) “What, to the American slave, is your 4th of July?” He answered his own rhetorically-posed question by plaintively stating, “a day that reveals to him, more than all other days in the year, the gross injustice and cruelty to which he is the constant victim. To him your celebration is a sham; your boasted liberty, an unholy license; your national greatness, swelling vanity; your sounds of rejoicing are empty and heartless; your denunciation of tyrants, brass-fronted impudence; your shouts of liberty and equality, hollow mockery; your prayers and hymns, your sermons and thanksgivings, with all your religious parade and solemnity, are, to him, mere bombast, fraud, deception, impiety and hypocrisy a thin veil to cover up crimes which would disgrace a nation of savages.” Indeed it was with the arrival of Union troops in Galveston, Texas under the command of Major General Gordon Grainger on June 19th, 1865 that slavery ended in America—well after the Emancipation Proclamation as well as the passage of the 13th Amendment in January of that year, which was still in the process of being ratified. Those enslaved persons still being held in bondage in Texas—some 250,000 souls—had to be liberated at bayonet point by General Granger and his troops, who issued an order—known as General Order #3—asserting the Union Army’s authority over the state of Texas based on the military order of the Emancipation Proclamation written a full two and a half years earlier. Even though its author, President Lincoln had already been assassinated and the Civil War had officially ended, the full weight of the Emancipation Proclamation—a document some have criticized for not freeing that many enslaved persons when it was first enacted—was finally being brought to bear. Because of it’s nature as a military document, and not an emancipatory one per se, it was the only thing that could free the enslaved in Texas (and other places e.g. Florida in May, and other areas) with its bold words declaring “that all persons held as slaves” within the rebellious states “are, and henceforward shall be free.” Texas was in violation of this statute, and the last of the remaining Confederate states to still be in rebellion to the Union, by continuing slavery as late as June 19th 1865. Juneteenth is also the key to understanding “the new jim crow”–forcing us to rethink the periodization of the end slavery–and the fact that there has never been a clear date for the ending of it. This suggests something about the ongoing nature of abolition, de-enslavement and reconstruction, which continues to this day. That is why both will most likely always be celebrated, even if it’s just to reflect, as Douglass did, on the bitter lessons such holidays force us to face.

For more information, visit the original Worldwide Juneteenth site:

— Additional info

How 2020 Changed Us…

Posted: January 16, 2021 in Uncategorized

Posted: January 16, 2021 in Uncategorized

Black Men’s Racial Experiences Study (
Conducted Ed Garnes, a 4th year, Black male doctoral student in the Counseling Psychology program at the University of Tennessee Knoxville. Please see his letter below.

Dear Potential Participant, 

My name is Ed Garnes, a 4th year, Black male doctoral student in the Counseling Psychology program at the University of Tennessee Knoxville. I am conducting thesis research specifically on Black men in higher education and seeking participants. 

Eligible participants must be: 

  • at least 18 years of age speak 
  • identify as Black men 
  • be enrolled at a predominantly White institution ( a college or university who historically has a majority of its population identify as White.) 

The primary purpose of this study is to expand the psychological research on gendered racism by examining the negative racial experiences of Black men and their emotional resilience in relation to college satisfaction. A secondary aim is to examine possible difference between Black men who are intercollegiate athletes and non-athletes on the variables of interest (i.e., negative experiences, resilience, and college satisfaction). 

Participants will be asked to complete surveys assessing negative racial experiences, resilience, and college satisfaction. No physiological measures will be assessed. The total time to complete this study is about 35 minutes. 

Participation is voluntary, and your answers will be anonymous. If you decide to participate, you may withdraw from the study at any time. There are no expected risks to this study. By participating, you will facilitate our understanding of how negative racial experiences impact Black men. 

Please follow the included link to the Informed Consent page if you wish to participate :

This study has been approved by the University of Tennessee Knoxville Institutional Review Board. If you have questions at any time about the study or the procedures, (or you experience adverse effects as a result of participating in this study,) you may contact the researcher, Edward M. Garnes, Jr, at and 865-974-3328or his advisor, Dr. Jacob Levy, at and 865-789-8362. If you have questions about your rights as a participant, you may contact the University of Tennessee IRB Compliance Officer at or (865) 974-7697.

We invite you to a talk presented by Rap Sessions entitled Confronting Toxic Masculinity.  The Talk will be Tuesday, April 23rd from 1:00PM-2:30PM in the Wang Center, Lecture Hall 2.
Dr. Mark Anthony Neal (Chair, African and African American Studies, Duke) and Dr. Treva Lindsey (Assoc. Professor and Director of Undergraduate Studies of Women’s Gender and Sexuality, The Ohio State University) will be our featured speakers.
This talk is sponsored by The Center for the Study of Men and Masculinities and the Departments of Africana Studies, History and Psychology.
Please post/circulate the attached announcement.

Canada’s new $10 bill featuring Black Civil Rights activist Viola Desmond has gone into circulation.
— Read on